classification and external resources
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the rape of noblewoman lucretia was a beginning purpose of events that led towards the overthrow as to the roman kingdom and establishment as to the roman republic. currently being a direct results of rape, lucretia committed suicide. several artists and writers were impressed from the story, together with shakespeare, botticelli, rembrandt, dürer, artemisia gentileschi, geoffrey chaucer, thomas heywood and the like.
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rape may be a sort of sexual assault typically involving sexual intercourse, which is certainly initiated by more than one persons against another person while not that persons consent. the act can be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority or against an individual that is incapable of valid consent, such together that is unconscious, incapacitated, or below the legal age of consent.
internationally, the incidence of rapes recorded from the police throughout 2008 varied between zero. 1 in egypt per 100, 000 folks and 91. 6 per 100, 000 folks in lesotho with 4. 9 per 100, 000 folks in lithuania clearly as the median. 5 according towards the american medical association ( 1995 ), sexual violence, and rape in explicit, is deemed possibly the most underreported violent crime. the speed of reporting, prosecution and convictions for rape varies significantly in several jurisdictions. the u. s. bureau of justice statistics ( 1999 ) estimated that 91% of u. s. rape victims are female and 9% are male, with 99% as to the offenders being male. 8 rape by strangers is typically less common than rape by persons the victim is aware of, and many studies believe that male-male and female-female prison rape are quite common and can be the smallest amount reported products of rape.
when half of the widespread and systematic follow, rape and sexual slavery are recognized as crimes against humanity and war crimes. rape is additionally recognized as an part as to the crime of genocide when committed when using the intent to firmly destroy, in whole along with half, a targeted ethnic cluster.
people that are raped can possibly be severely traumatized and may even suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder ;in addition to firmly psychological harm ensuing direct from act, rape could cause physical injury, or have extra effects by the victim, an example would be acquiring of the sexually transmitted infection or turning into pregnant. furthermore, participating in a rape, a victim could face violence or threats of thereof direct from rapist, and, in a few cultures, from the
historical and otherwise notable victims of rape. this includes rape victims whose notability relates to firmly it however who will be not solely notable for that ; per wp :blp1e, this can be problematic. whereas the class is intended for obvious historical ( oed : having or possible to possess nice historical importance or fame ) persons, otherwise acceptable inclusions are people that became advocates for, e. g., different rape victims, or proponents of tougher sexual predation laws etc. in response thus to their own rape.
etymology of term
the concept of rape originates in middle english and comes direct from latin rapa, plural of rapum : turnip, akin towards the previous high german rā ;ba : turnip ; rape. its latin type may be a derivative as to the greek ῥ ;ά ;φ ;η ; : turnip. the concept of has return to firmly mean, since approximately the 14th century, to firmly seize and take away by force.
the concept of is most frequently defined in criminal law.